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Leymebamba, Peru
Investigations on the Transition of a socio-ecological system towards sustainability.

Ulrike Bechtold

Abstract

In the year 1997 the sensational discovery of the Chachapoya mummies took place at the Laguna de Los Cóndores in Peru. This Necropolis, which is only accessible from the village Leymebamba (Department Amazonas), set light on this region in the north of Peru and moved it into the center of international interest. In the year 2000 a museum was opened in Leymebamba, which was also financially supported by Austrian donations. The efforts of the museum for the local integration into the community structures led to a higher presence of the cultural heritage within the population of Leymebamba and the remains of the Chachapoya culture shown there. In terms of a positive feedback a socio-economic impact happened, in the form of social transitions. These transitions within the population of Leymebamba, which are causally linked with the archaeological discoveries and the establishment of the museum, boosted not only existing processes but also rose new expectations and needs. In the present study the complex social structures of the village Leymebamba are analysed on different levels, by means of qualitative and quantitative methods. Present and future development scenarios are examined regarding certain main topics. Perceptive disruptions are thereby mapped and represented just like continuities in people's perception. Thereby those issues are of special relevance, which concern future development chances, obstacles and goals. In the focus of this study those factors, which do not correspond (optimally) to the regional structures and hence to societal, social and ecological issues are examined. Due to the collected qualitative and quantitative data the development of scenarios is possible, which enables pointing out options for a sustainable local development. These options will be presented to the population of Leymebamba in order to provide a decision-aid for future processes towards sustainability.

 

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